Five steps of the process

Item Description

The original bindings were in good condition with the exception of distressed and partially disconnected leather spine covers. The paper was flexible and strong. Attachment of the boards (front and back cover) was unusually good, with the original cord material still strong and soundly laced into them, and the inner hinge showing little stress. These strengths made them good candidates for repair of the original leather spines.

Sometimes old leather is dried out and decayed, or damaged by leather 'dressing' applied by well meaning caregivers in days gone by and therefore unlikely to survive repair work. A small test was done on the leather: if the leather had abruptly darkened and hardened in that area, we would not have been able to repair these bindings, but the leather responded well.